Often in science we rely on our intuitions, for instance in developing the early stages of a new research program in a new study system. What’s the difference between a good intuition and a bad one?
I don’t think the answer is that good intuitions are right, while bad ones are wrong. Rather, I think that good intuition is a starting point for thought. A good intuition is one that you develop, elaborate, and check. Whether it turns out to be right or wrong, you learn something valuable by developing and checking it. Bad intuition is a substitute for thought. It’s a stopping point rather than a starting point, an unshakeable (and often unrecognized) assumption, the kind of thing that causes you to push back against conclusions demanded by logic and data, just because you find those conclusions “unintuitive”.